The National Academy of Engineering has identified providing access to clean water, managing the nitrogen cycle, and improving urban infrastructure as three of their 14 Grand Challenges for Engineering in the 21st century.


The Bell Lab at ECU focuses on the development of resilient best management practices that inform decision-making and policies within the water-energy-food nexus. Specifically, our research investigates the efficacy of and biogeochemical processes underlying ecological treatment technologies and green infrastructure to remediate urban and agricultural nonpoint source pollutants. The ultimate goal of this research is to understand water quality and quantity issues in eastern NC and beyond, investigate potential barriers that may limit the adoption of ecological treatment technologies, and quantify the ecosystem services that these technologies provide.

American Ecological Engineering Society Annual Conference 
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual Conference


International Phytotechnology Society Annual Conference


Agricultural subsurface bioreactors, which have been proven to significantly reduce nitrate from agricultural runoff and drainage, may also serve to remediate plant pathogens like Phytophthora spp. 


An introduction to agricultural water reuse and remediation, including innovative ecological treatment technologies that have the potential to remediate contaminants from irrigation runoff, so that water may be reused onsite.